The name "Tajik" may derive from the name of a pre-Islamic tribe, perhaps of Zoroastrian origin, and means "crown" or "royalty. The Tajik people are of ethnic Persian descent and constitute the largest indigenous group in the country about 65 percent of the population. Within this group are the Pamiris, who live in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating number nearly forty thousand.
Gorno-Badakhshon is surrounded by mountains, and is isolated for most of the year.
Other ethnic groups that were caught within the country as the borders in Central Asia were redrawn during the Soviet era include Uzbeks, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Kazakhs, Uyghur, and Bukharan and European Jews. Beginning in the eighteenth century, many Russians migrated to the area as soldiers and laborers. When Tajikistan won independence ina struggle for power between the clans developed into a civil war.
At that time, Islamic fundamentalists wanted to create an Islamic state. Political instability led to a collapsing infrastructure, corruption, and extreme poverty. Tajikistan borders Afghanistan to Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating south, China to the east, Kyrgystan to the north, and Uzbekistan to the west and has a land area of 58, square milessquare kilometers.
There are numerous glaciers. The Fergana Valley in the northern region is densely populated.
It is separated from the rest of the country by mountains from which the Syrdariya and Amu Darya rivers bring rich soil deposits. In the Soviet era, the Vakhsh River was dammed for irrigation and electric power, and factories were built along its banks. Hot Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating and frigid winters characterize the climate. The high mountain ridges protect the Fergana Valley and other lowlands from Arctic air masses, but temperatures drop below freezing more than one-hundred days a year.
The isolation of the Pamiri has kept them close to their ancient traditions. Although the people of the Khujand Leninobad region also are isolated, they are more accessible to the other republics.
They were the ruling clan in the Soviet era. Dushanbe Stalinobod from tothe capital, is in the west-central region and is the largest city. Init was chosen to be the capital of the new autonomous republic because of its low population and central location. Inthe population was estimated to be 6, In the first years after independence many non-Central Asian peoples emigrated because of the establishment of Tajiki as the official language, dissatisfaction with the standard of living, and fear of political violence.
Tajiki, which is closely related to Farsi, is Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating most widely used language.
Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating who have developed regional dialects have only a rudimentary understanding of the official language.
In the Pamiri mountain regions, various languages have kept many characteristics of ancient Iranian. Russian is preferred in government and business transactions, and Uzbeki is used widely in the Khujand region.
The flag has a horizontal red stripe on top, a wider white stripe with a gold crown surmounted by seven stars in the middle, and a Tajikistan green stripe at the bottom.
Those colors represent sunshine and health, chastity, the journey on the right path of life, peace and stability, agriculture, the mountains, and the spring. The crown shows a royal house, and the stars represent friendship between nationalities, class, unity, and Islam. Emergence of the Nation. Before the Soviet era, the Republic of Tajikistan experienced population changes that brought political and cultural influences from Asia and the Middle East.
The conquests of Alexander the Great in the fourth century B. Under the Sassanians third century C. Conversion to Islam began in the seventh century. By the ninth century, it was the prevalent religion. After the Uzbeki nomadic tribes conquered Central Asia, the future Tajikistan was divided into three states: These states lasted until the nineteenth century, when they were gradually overtaken by traders and settlers from the Russian Empire.
InTajikistan became an autonomous republic within Uzbekistan. Init was detached from Uzbekistan and given full status as a republic. InTajikistan declared independence from the Soviet Union, and Nabiyev was installed as president after a coup. Nationalism and anti-Russian
Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating intensified, leading to a state of emergency and the suppression of opposition parties. Civil war broke out in Although the Soviet Union arbitrarily redefined the nation's borders, many Tajik intellectuals and nationalists believed that communism brought progress to their people and joined the Communist Party.
During this period, Islam was the defining cultural element and helped consolidate the clans and reinforce ethnic solidarity. Although the Soviet era brought stability, education, and an economic infrastructure, social integration among the ethnic groups has never been achieved.
Today, people look to their history in developing a national idea, identifying with the Persian-speaking Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating of Bukhara, who supported the revival of the written Persian language and the cultural ideals of "Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating" Zorastrians. The leaders of clans manipulate events to serve their own ethnoregional views.
The Khojand clan in the north is identified with hard-line communism; the Kulab clan, also pro-Russian, gained control of the government after a power struggle in ; and the Garm clan of the Gorno-Badakhshn region is a stronghold of the Islamic Renaissance movement.
Although Sunni Islam is the most important cultural commonality, it Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating become a dividing force. The lack of leadership from the Islamic hierarchy allowed fundamentalists to proliferate after independence, and the revival of ancient traditions in the Fergana Valley could lead to conflict with the neighboring countries. However, tribal loyalties, Western cultural influences, and the growth of a free-market economy have militated against such movements.
The hardships caused by the civil war and the economic transition have created a negative attitude toward sovereignty and a desire among many people to return to Soviet statehood. Railroads do not link the northwest and the southwest, and only one highway connects Dushanbe in the southwest with Khujand in the northwest. Inthe five largest
Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating accounted for only 17 percent of the total population. During the Soviet era, a purely functional architectural style developed in the form of centrally planned development projects, government office buildings, and cultural facilities.
More recent architecture emphasizes the revival of the Samanid and Timurid periods. During the Samanid period, baked brick was used in the construction of mosques, minarets, and mausoleums; calligraphic inscriptions were used to decorate walls. In the fourteenth century, the Timurids introduced the use of mosaic tile.
Today, communities are divided into mahallas, or neighborhoods, which are governed by responsible and respected elderly persons. Food in Daily Life. With over 80 percent of the population living below the poverty line, food is scarce. A basic breakfast consists of tea and bread. A wealthy family may eat butter and jam and perhaps eggs or porridge. Soup
Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating is served for dinner; it may contain a soup bone with meat, carrots, onions, and potatoes.
Osh, a rice dish made with carrots, onions and meat, is served two or three times a week. At other times pasta, meat- and onion-filled pastries, and tomato and cucumber salads may be served. All meals are accompanied with large rounds of flat bread. Restaurants usually offer Western and Russian food, and choihonas teahouses serve traditional foods. Guests often sit on a platform with a low table surrounded by thin mats.
Pork is never eaten. Bread may not be placed upside down; the crumbs are collected and disposed of ceremoniously. Tea is served to the host first to show that it is safe to drink.
Islamic law forbids the consumption of alcoholic beverages, but this prohibition often is ignored. Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. On holidays and ceremonial occasions, the table is covered with small
Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating containing delicacies that represent the pride and wealth of the host. Osh usually is served. Sumalak, a dish made from the juice of wheat sprouts, is served during the Islamic New Year.
The making of sumalak is a ceremony, as the women recite poetry, sing, and dance. Rural people depend almost entirely on what they produce themselves. Seventy-five percent of households grow food for their own use, and people in the cities plant gardens in vacant lots. Restaurants in Tajikistan usually offer Western and Russian food. Millions face hunger as grain production has plummeted. Most people have Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating specialized skills; most specialists were from the Russian-speaking sector and left after independence.
This resulted in "Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating" closing of most factories. The country depends on international assistance for its basic needs.
However, the civil war and geographic isolation have hampered international trade. The government encourages foreign investment, but registration procedures are unclear and the laws are contradictory.
In the s, firms from the United States, Israel, Austria, Italy, and Canada constructed factories and mining projects. Land Tenure and Property. Inlegislation was passed that protected personal property and gave citizens the right to own, lease, and inherit land. Agricultural land remains under state ownership but can be leased.
Leases can be sold and inherited. In the Soviet era, the government owned all businesses. After independence, the parliament adopted a privatization law, to transfer ownership of businesses to the public. However, no enterprise is privatized without the approval of a committee or ministry, and officials frequently refuse to cooperate.
Inthe government created a Higher Economic Court, to handle economic disputes. Judges are subject to pressure from the executive branch, local warlords, and criminal syndicates. The dominance of cotton has limited the growth of food products. 25th February Dushanbe, Tajikistan I think the development of tourism Dushanbe tajikistan girls dating Tajikistan is essential to the country's future, but this is not the only reason I.
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