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Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating

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El Tratado de Saint-Germain-en-Laye fue firmado el 10 de septiembre de entre las potencias aliadas y Austria. Germain-en-Laye, 10 September Supplement to Protocol Villa Giusti, 3 November WHEREAS the Allied and Associated Powers are equally desirous that the war in which certain among them were successively involved, directly or indirectly, against Austria-Hungary, and which originated in the declaration of war against Serbia on 28 July by the former Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Government, and in the hostilities conducted by Germany in alliance with Austria-Hungary, should be replaced by a firm, just and durable Peace, and.

WHEREAS it is necessary, while restoring peace, to regulate the situation which has arisen from the dissolution of the said Monarchy and the formation of the said States, and to establish the government of these countries on a Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating foundation of justice and equity.

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From the coming into force of the present Treaty the state of war will terminate. From that moment, and subject to the provisions of the present Treaty, official relation will exist between the "Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating" and Associated Powers and the Republic of Austria.

The frontiers of Austria shall be fixed as follows see annexed Map:. With Switzerland and Lichtenstein:. From the point Gruben J.

From point Pec eastwards to point Malestigerthe crest of the Karavanken; from point Malestiger and in a north-easterly direction as far as the Drave at a point situated about 1 kilometre south-east of the railway bridge on the eastern branch of the bend made by that river about 6 kilometres east of Villach, a line to be fixed on the ground cutting the railway between Mallestig and Faak and passing through point Polana ; thence in a south-easterly direction to a point about 2 kilometres above St.

From the point above defined north-eastwards to point about 6 kilometres north-north-east of Szentgotthard, a line to be fixed on the ground passing through point Janke B. Jahrndorf, and east of Andau, Nikelsdorf, D. The frontiers described by the present Treaty are traced, for such parts as are defined, on the one in a million map attached to the present Treaty. In case of differences between the text and the map, the text will prevail. Boundary Commissions, whose composition is fixed by the present Treaty, or will be fixed by a Treaty between the Principal Allied and Associated Powers and the, or any, interested States, will have to trace these frontiers on the ground.

They shall endeavour in both cases to follow as nearly as possible the descriptions given in the Treaties, taking into account as far as possible administrative boundaries and local economic interests. Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating decisions of the Commissions will be taken by a majority, and shall be binding on the parties concerned.

The expenses of the Boundary Commissions will be borne in equal shares by the two States concerned. It will, however, rest with the Boundary Commissions provided for by the present Treaty to specify whether the frontier line shall follow any changes of the course or channel which may take place, or Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating it shall be definitely fixed by the position of the course or channel at the time when the present Treaty comes into force.

The various States interested undertake to furnish to the Commissions all documents necessary for their tasks, especially authentic copies of agreements fixing existing or old frontiers, all large scale maps in existence, geodetic data, surveys completed but unpublished, and information concerning the changes of frontier watercourses.

They also undertake to instruct the local authorities to communicate to the Commissions all documents, especially plans, cadastral and land books, and to furnish on demand all details regarding property, local economic relations, and other necessary information. The various States interested undertake to give assistance to the Boundary Commissions, whether directly or through local authorities, in everything that concerns transport, accommodation, labour, material signposts, boundary pillars necessary for the accomplishment of their mission.

The various States interested undertake to safeguard the trigonometrical points, signals, posts or frontier marks erected by the Commission. The pillars will be placed so as to be intervisible; they will be numbered, and their position and their number will be noted on a cartographic document. The protocols defining the boundary, and the maps and documents attached thereto will be made out in triplicate, of which two copies will be forwarded to the Governments of the limitrophe States and the third to the Government of the French Republic, which will deliver authentic copies to the Powers signatories of the present Treaty.

Austria renounces, so far as she is concerned, in favour of Italy all rights and title over the territory of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy situated beyond the frontiers of Austria laid down in Article Austria similarly renounces, so far as she is concerned, in favour of Italy all rights and title over other territory of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy which may be recognised as forming part of Italy by any treaties which may be concluded for the purpose of completing the present settlement.

A Commission composed of five members, one nominated by Italy, three by the other Principal Allied and Associated Powers, and one by Austria, shall be constituted within fifteen days from the coming into force of the present Treaty, to trace on the spot the frontier line between Italy and Austria. The decisions of the Commission will be taken by a majority and shall be binding on the parties concerned.

Notwithstanding the provisions of ArticlePart X Economic Clausespersons having their usual residence in the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy transferred to Italy who, during the war, have been outside the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy or have been imprisoned, interned or evacuated, shall enjoy the full benefit of the provisions of Articles andPart X Economic Clauses.

A special Convention will determine the terms of repayment in Austrian currency of the special war expenditure advanced during the war by territory Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy transferred to Italy or by public associations in that territory on account of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy under its legislation, such as allowances to the families of persons mobilised, requisitions, billeting of troops, and relief to persons who have been evacuated.

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Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating In fixing the amount of these sums Austria shall be credited with the amount which the territory would have contributed to Austria-Hungary to meet the expense resulting from these payments, this contribution being calculated according to the proportion of the revenues of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy derived from the territory in The Italian Government will collect for its own account the taxes, dues and charges of every kind leviable in the territories transferred to Italy and not collected on 3 November No sum shall be due by Italy on the ground of her entry into possession of the Palazzo Venezia at Rome.

Subject to the provisions of ArticlePart IX Financial Clauses relative to the acquisition of, and payment for, State property and possessions, the Italian Government is substituted in all the rights which the Austrian State possessed over all the railways in the territories transferred to Italy which were administered by the Railway Administration of the said State and which are actually working or under construction.

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The same shall apply to the rights of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy with regard to railway and tramway concessions within the abovementioned territories. The frontier railway stations shall be determined by a subsequent agreement. Austria shall restore to Italy within a period of three months all the wagons belonging to the Italian railways which before the outbreak of war had passed into Austria and have not returned to Italy.

Austria renounces as from 3 Novemberon behalf of herself and her nationals in regard to territories transferred to Italy all rights to which she may be entitled with regard to the products of the aforesaid territories under any agreements, stipulations or laws establishing trusts, cartels or other similar organisations.

For a period of ten years from the coming into force of the present Treaty central electric power stations situated in Austrian territory and formerly furnishing electric power to the territories transferred to Italy or to any establishment the exploitation of which passes to Italy shall be required to continue furnishing this supply up to an amount corresponding to the undertakings Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating contracts in force on 3 November Austria further admits the right of Italy to the free use of the waters of Lake Raibl and its derivative watercourse and to divert the said waters to the basin of the Korinitza.

Judgments rendered since 4 August by the courts in the territory transferred to Italy in civil and commercial cases between the inhabitants of such territory and other nationals of the former Austrian Empire, or between such inhabitants and the subjects of the Powers allies of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, shall not be carried into effect until after endorsement by the corresponding new court in such territory. All decisions rendered for political crimes or offences since 4 August by the judicial authorities of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy against Italian nationals, including persons who obtain Italian nationality under the present Treaty, shall he annulled.

In all matters relating to proceedings initiated before the coming into force of the present Treaty before the competent authorities of the territory transferred to Italy, Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating Italian and Austrian judicial authorities respectively shall until the coming into force of a special convention on this subject be authorised to correspond with each other direct.

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Requests thus presented shall be given effect to so far as the laws of a public character allow in the country to the authorities of which the request is addressed. All appeals to the higher Austrian judicial and administrative authorities beyond the limits of the territory transferred to Italy against decisions of the administrative or judicial authorities Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating this territory shall be suspended.

The records shall be submitted to the authorities against whose decision the appeal was entered. They must be transmitted to the competent Italian authorities without delay.

All other questions as to jurisdiction, procedure or the administration of justice will be determined by a special convention between Italy and Austria.

Austria, in conformity with the action already taken by the Allied and Associated Powers, recognises the complete independence of the Serb-Croat-Slovene State. Austria renounces, so far as she is concerned, in favour of the Serb-Croat-Slovene State all rights and title over the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy situated outside the frontiers of Austria as laid down in Article 27, Part II Frontiers of Austria and recognised by the present Treaty, or by any treaties concluded for the purpose of completing the present settlement, as forming part of the Serb-Croat-Slovene State.

A Commission consisting of seven members, five nominated by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers, one by the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, and one by Austria, shall be constituted within fifteen days from the coming into force of the present Treaty, to trace on the spot the frontier line described in Article The inhabitants of the Klagenfurt area will be called upon, to the extent stated below, to indicate by a vote the State to which they wish the territory to belong.

The boundaries of the Klagenfurt area are as follows:. From pointabout 10 kilometres to the east-north-east of Villach, southwards to a point on the Drave about 2 kilometres above St Martin.

With a view to the organisation of a plebiscite, the Klagenfurt area will be divided into two zones, the first to the south and the second to the north of a transversal line, of which the following is a description:.

From the point where the western boundary of the area leaves the Drave in a northerly direction as far as the point about 1 kilometre to the east of Rosegg Saint-Michael. The Klagenfurt area will be placed under the control of a Commission entrusted with the duty of preparing the plebiscite in that area and assuring the impartial administration thereof.

This Commission will be composed as follows: The decisions of the Commission will be taken by a majority. The second zone will be occupied by the Austrian troops and administered in accordance with the general regulations of the Austrian legislation.

The first zone will be occupied by the troops of the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, and administered in accordance with the general regulations of the legislation of that State. In both zones the troops, whether Austrian or Serb-Croat-Slovene, shall be reduced to the Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating which the Commission may consider necessary for the preservation of order, and shall carry out their mission under the control of the Commission.

These troops shall be replaced as speedily as possible by a police force recruited on the spot. The Commission will be charged with the duty of arranging for the vote and of taking such measures as it may deem necessary to ensure its freedom, fairness and secrecy. In the first zone the plebiscite will be held within Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, at a date fixed by the Commission.

If the vote is in favour of the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, a plebiscite will be held in the second zone within three weeks from the proclamation of the result of the plebiscite in the first zone, at a date to be fixed by the Commission.

If, on the other hand, the vote in the first zone is in favour of Austria no plebiscite will he held in the second zone, and the whole of the area will remain definitively under Austrian sovereignty. The right of voting will be granted to every person without distinction of sex who:. The result of the vote will be determined by the majority of votes in the whole or each zone.

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On the conclusion of each vote the result will be communicated by the Commission to the Principal Allied and Associated Powers, with a full report as to taking of the vote, and will be proclaimed. If the vote is in favour of the incorporation either of the first zone or of both zones in the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, Austria hereby renounces, so far as she is concerned and to the extent corresponding to the result of the vote, in favour of the Serb-Croat-Slovene State all rights and title over these territories.

After agreement with the Commission the Serb-Croat-Slovene Government may definitively establish its authority over the said territories. If the vote in the first or second zone is in favour of Austria, the Austrian Government, after agreement with the Commission, will be entitled definitively to re-establish its authority over the whole of the Klagenfurt area, or in the second zone, as the case may be.

When the administration of the country either by the Serb-Croat-Slovene State or by Austria, as the case may be, has been thus assured, the powers of the Commission will terminate. The Serb-Croat-Slovene State accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the Principal Allied and Associated Powers such provisions as may be deemed necessary by these Powers to protect the interests of inhabitants of that State who differ from the majority of the population in race, language or religion.

The Serb-Croat-Slovene State further accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the Principal Allied and Associated Powers such provisions as these Powers may deem necessary to protect freedom of transit and equitable treatment of the commerce of other nations. The proportion and nature of the financial obligations of the former Austrian Empire which the Serb-Croat-Slovene State will have to assume on account of the territory placed under its sovereignty will be determined in accordance with ArticlePart IX Financial Clausesof the present Treaty.

Subsequent agreements will decide all questions which are not decided by the present Treaty and which may arise in consequence of the cession of the said territory. Austria, in conformity with the action already taken by the Allied and Associated Powers, recognises the complete independence of the Czecho-Slovak State, which will include the autonomous territory of the Ruthenians to the south of the Carpathians. Austria renounces, so far as she is concerned, in favour of the Czecho-Slovak State all rights and title over the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy situated outside the frontiers of Austria as laid down in Article 27, Part II Frontiers of Austriaand recognised in accordance with the present Treaty as forming part of the.

A Commission composed of seven members, five nominated by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers, one by the Czecho-Slovak State, and one by Austria, will be appointed within fifteen Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating from the coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot the frontier line laid down in Article The decisions of this Commission will be taken by a majority and shall be binding on the parties concerned.

The Czecho-Slovak State undertakes not to erect any military works in that portion of its territory which lies on the right bank of the Danube to the south of Bratislava Pressburg. The Czecho-Slovak State accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the Principal Allied and Associated Powers such provision as may be deemed necessary by these Powers to protect the interests of inhabitants of that State who differ from the majority of the population in race, language or religion.

The Czecho-Slovak State further accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the Principal Allied and Associated Powers such provisions as these Powers may "Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating" necessary to protect freedom of transit and equitable treatment for the commerce of other nations.

The proportion and nature of the financial obligations of the former Austrian Empire which the Czecho-Slovak State will have to assume Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating account of the territory placed under its sovereignty will be determined in accordance with ArticlePart IX Financial Clausesof the present Treaty.

Austria renounces, so far as she is concerned, in favour of Roumania all Tratados de paz de la primera guerra mundial yahoo dating and title over such portion of the former Duchy of Bukovina as lies within the frontiers of Roumania which may ultimately be fixed by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers.

Roumania accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the Principal Allied and Associated Powers such provisions as may be deemed necessary by these Powers to protect the interests of inhabitants of that State who differ from the majority of the population in race, language or religion.

Roumania further accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the Principal Allied and Associated Powers such provisions as these Powers may deem necessary to protect freedom of transit and equitable treatment for the commerce of other nations. The proportion and nature of the financial obligations of the former Austrian Empire which Roumania will have to assume on account of the territory placed under her sovereignty will be determined in accordance with ArticlePart IX Financial Clausesof the present Treaty.

Austria undertakes that the stipulations contained in this Section shall be recognised as fundamental laws, and that no law, regulation or official action shall conflict or interfere with these stipulations, nor shall any law, regulation or official action prevail over them.

Austria undertakes to assure full and complete protection of life and liberty to all inhabitants of Austria without distinction of birth, nationality, language, race or religion. All inhabitants of Austria shall be entitled to the free exercise, whether public or private, of any creed, religion or belief, whose practices are not inconsistent with public order or public morals. Austria admits and declares to be Austrian nationals ipso facto and without the requirement of any formality all persons possessing at the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty rights of citizenship pertinenza within Austrian territory who are not nationals of any other State.

All persons born in Austrian territory who are not born nationals of another State shall ipso facto become Austrian nationals. All Austrian nationals shall be equal before the law and shall enjoy the same civil and political rights without distinction as to race, language or religion. Differences of religion, creed or confession shall not prejudice any Austrian national in matters relating to the enjoyment of civil or political rights, as for instance admission to public employments, functions and honours, or the exercise of professions and industries.

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